The idea is to apply the results of the experiment to the field of robotics, possibly in the development of the scavenging battlefield drones that may yet be the future of warfare on this plant.
Science fiction fans, however, will have a different dystopian vision in mind; the occupants of the ISS receive a considerably higher dose of radiation than they would get from natural sources on Earth. While human crews are rotated to reduce exposure, the ants are presumably up there for a while.
And any science fiction fan worth his (or her) sodium chloride knows what happens when you expose ants to radiation....
As a bonus, the post title, popularised by 'the Simpsons' and a host of internet memes, was inspired by the 1977 film 'Empire of the Ants'*”, in which another lot of irradiated ants, rather than destroying civilization, enslave humans to refine vast quantities of sugar for them.
I imagine Action on Sugar will be advocating a remake for propaganda purposes any day now.
*(Very loosely) based on the H G Wells short story of the same name.